Bibliotime, xiii, 3


Alfonso was a monarch from birth as his father, Alfonso XIIhad died the previous year. Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austriaserved as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in During Alfonso's reign of the Kingdom of Spainit experienced four major problems that contributed to the end of the liberal monarchy: the lack of real political representation of broad social groups; the poor situation of the popular classes, especially peasants; problems arising from the Rif War ; and Catalan nationalism. The political and social turbulence that began with the Spanish-American War prevented the turnaround parties from establishing a true liberal democracywhich led to the establishment of the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera.
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